While developing cellular apps, businesses target Android due to its massive international cell working system market proportion. Alphabet has made Android available as an open source cellular platform. Also, it updates the cellular operating machine at regular intervals with new capabilities and upgrades. But the penetration price of character variations of the cell operating machine differs.

The alphabet does now not regulate Android smartphones, tablets, and phablets manufactured by using diverse businesses. Hence, the devices manufactured through unique corporations include varying hardware functions no matter being powered through the same model of Android. That is why; it will become important for developers to build cell apps with the aid of concentrated on an extensive range of devices powered via specific versions of Android.

While planning, developing and checking out the cellular app, they want to consciousness considerably on its accessibility, capability, performance, usability, and protection of the cellular app to maintain the customers engaged no matter their preference of Android tool. Also, they need to discover approaches to make the app deliver personalized user enjoy throughout varying gadgets and running gadget model. They further need to cope with a number of common demanding situations to develop a robust Android app.

1) Software Fragmentation

As noted earlier, the market proportion of individual variations of Android differs. According to the modern day facts launched by means of Google, the most current version of its mobile operating device – Nougat – has a market percentage lower than its predecessors – Marshmallow, Lollipop and KitKat. Each new edition of Android comes with several new features and improvements. The builders should encompass specific features within the app to make it supply the most suitable person enjoy by way of taking benefit of these new features. At the same time, in addition, they want to make sure that the app grants wealthy and customized person experience on gadgets powered by using older variations of Android. The developers must goal more than one variations of Android to make the software popular and profitable inside the quick run.

2) Varying Hardware Features

Unlike different cellular operating systems, Android is open supply. Alphabet allows device producers to personalize its working machine in line with their specific wishes. Also, it does not modify the Android devices released by way of diverse producers. Hence, the devices come with various hardware functions in spite of being powered by means of the equal model of Android. For instance, gadgets powered with the aid of Android Nougat may additionally range from every other within the class of show screen length, decision, digital camera, and different hardware capabilities. While growing an Android app, the builders want to make certain that it gives you personalized enjoy to every person with the aid of accessing all hardware capabilities of his tool.

Three) No Uniform User Interface Designing Processor Rules

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Google has not launched any common user interface (UI) designing process or guidelines for the cellular app developers. Hence, maximum builders construct Android apps without following any popular UI improvement technique or regulations. When the developers create custom UI interfaces in their own way, the apps do not look or function continuously throughout exceptional gadgets. The incompatibility and variety of the UI affect the consumer experience introduced via the Android app directly. The clever developers opt for the responsive layout to preserve the UI consistent throughout many gadgets. Also, the builders have to test the UI in their cell app comprehensively by way of combining both real devices and emulators. But often developers discover it daunting to layout a UI that makes the app look constant across various Android gadgets.

Four) API Incompatibility

Most developers use 1/3-birthday celebration APIs to decorate the cellular app’s functionality and interoperability. But the first-rate of third-party APIs to be had for Android app builders differs. Some APIs are designed for a selected model of Android. Hence, these APIs do not paintings on gadgets powered by different variations of the cell operating device. The builders should discover methods to make a single API painting on one of a kind versions of Android. But they regularly locate it challenging to make the app paintings smoothly on distinct Android devices with the same set of APIs.

Five) Security Flaws

Its open source nature makes it easier for tool producers to customize Android in line with their particular needs. But the openness and its massive market proportion made Android at risk of common security assaults. There are many times whilst protection of thousands and thousands of Android gadgets has been impacted via protection flaws or bugs like Stagefright, ‘Certified-gate’ mRST, FakeID, Installer Hijacking, and TowelRoot. The developers need to encompass sturdy protection functions inside the software and use modern-day encryption mechanism to keep the person statistics comfortable no matter focused safety attacks and security flaws in Android.

6) Android Search Engine Visibility

The contemporary records published on the various website depict that Google Play Store has a much better wide variety of mobile apps than the Apple App Store. Also, a huge percentage of Android device users choose free apps to paid apps. Hence, the builders must promote their cell apps aggressively to accomplish better download numbers and enforce app monetization options. They also want to enforce a complete virtual marketing approach to sell the app by focused on the maximum relevant users. Many developers ought to avail the offerings of virtual advertising professionals to promote their apps aggressively.

7) Patent Issues

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The users have the choice to pick from numerous Android apps presenting identical functions and functionalities. But developers often discover it daunting to construct apps with particular functions and functionality. They often consist of capabilities and functionalities in the app that make it similar to a number of apps available in the same category within the Play save. Unlike Apple, Google does not put into effect stringent recommendations to evaluate the pleasant of new apps being submitted to its app save. Lack of standardized satisfactory assessment hints often makes builders deal with problems related to the patent. Some builders should design and regulate their apps in destiny to avoid patent troubles.